Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among type 2 diabetes mellitus in tertiary care centre
Author(s): Divya V, Rajendran N and Kishore Kumar J
Abstract: Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most insidious disease across the globe. Diabetic retinopathy is recognised as a leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in working-age adults in developed and developing countries.Objective: To assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among type 2 diabetes mellitus and severity of diabetic retinopathy attending ophthalmology out patient department in sree mookambika institute of medical sciences, Kulesekharam, Kanyakumari.Material and Method: Cross sectional study among 85 Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients of age more than 40 years, duration more than 5 years. Statistical methods of analysis: Study parameters will be entered in Microsoft Office Excel 2013, Descriptive statistics-Mean and Standard Deviation; Qualitative test-Chi square test using SPSS TRAIL VERSION-20.0.Result: In my study prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 55.30 % (47 patients) of which 14.89 % mild NPDR (7 patients); moderate NPDR 34.05% (16 patients); Severe NPDR 25.53% (12 patients); PDR 25.53 % (12 patients).Conclusion: This study estimated the prevalence of DR in Kulesekharam, Kanyakumari, Hospital based type 2 diabetic population attending ophthalmology out patient department sree mookambiga institute of medical sciences. Our study also created awareness among the patients who participated about diabetic retinopathy.
Divya V, Rajendran N, Kishore Kumar J. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among type 2 diabetes mellitus in tertiary care centre. J Case Rep Sci Images 2020;2(2):17-20. DOI: 10.22271/27080056.2020.v2.i2a.20
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