Prevalence of dry eye status in type ii diabetes mellitus patients
Author(s): Rajendran N, Divya V, Shruthy and Biju Gopal
Abstract: Background: Dry eye is a disorder of precorneal tear film frequently present in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) either symptomatic or asymptomatic. It can cause mild symptoms to severe corneal complications affecting the visual quality of life. Objective: To assess the dry eye status among type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients attending Ophthalmology OPD in Sree Mookambika institute Of Medical Sciences, kulasekharam. Materials and methods: This was a hospital based cross-sectional study where 87 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus of age more than 40 years are studied. The dry eye status was evaluated using schirmer's test, Tear Film breakup time (TBUT) measurement. Statistical method of analysis: study parameters entered in Microsoft office Excel 2013.SPSS trail version-20. Result: Among 87 type 2 diabetes mellitus patient above the age of 40 years, 55.3% had significant dry eye, more prevalent in patients aged over 50 years. Conclusion: Dry eye is more prevalent among diabetic patients. Strict glycemic control is important for the prevention of dry eye syndrome and other ocular surface pathology among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
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